Quantum Computing

Poster Credit: Jayed BIn Habib
Article Credit: Diyab Mahmud

Combining computer science, physics, and mathematics, quantum computing is a cutting-edge area that takes advantage of quantum mechanics. It enables us to solve issues quickly. The qubit, a modified version of a conventional bit, is the central component of quantum computing. Qubits can exist in a superposition of states, unlike bits, which can only be in one state (either “1” or “0”). This allows for calculations that were previously unthinkable.

The goal of revolutionising methods for solving problems gave rise to quantum computing. Quantum computers use wave interference phenomena to improve desired measurement findings by manipulating qubits in certain ways. The process of developing quantum algorithms comprises techniques that allow these computers to carry out operations efficiently, opening the door for exponential advancements in processing power.


However making quantum computing a reality has faced hurdles. Achieving high quality qubits, in a form has proven to be quite challenging. The issue of quantum decoherence, where qubits are affected by noise due to their interaction with the surrounding environment has been a setback. Governments worldwide have made investments in research to develop scalable qubits that can maintain coherence for longer periods and exhibit lower error rates. Technologies such, as superconductors and ion traps hold potential in addressing these obstacles

Quantum computers have a distinct advantage over traditional computers in terms of speed and efficiency. According to quantum complexity theory, certain algorithms that utilize quantum computing can significantly lower the number of computational steps required, setting them apart from their classical counterparts. A notable example of this is Google’s Sycamore, which has 70 advanced qubits and recently proved its superiority over the world’s most powerful supercomputer. If we consider the possibilities of what this means, it’s possible that we might be able to find new breakthroughs in scientific discoveries, like navigating wormholes or breaking the speed of light barrier.

However, the capabilities of quantum computing present some obstacles as well. Public key cryptography might become outdated due to algorithms like Shor’s algorithm, making it crucial to create and embrace post-quantum cryptography (PQC) algorithms that are resistant to quantum computing. There has been a lot of research on PQC, but changing the algorithms for billions of devices will take many decades and be complicated. It’s a significant challenge to balance security, performance, and ease of implementation during this transition.

In conclusion, the emergence of quantum computing signals a significant shift in problem-solving approach. The synergy between physics, math, and computer science results in unparalleled computational strength. However, there are obstacles like qubit quality and cryptography adaptation. As investors and researchers continue to fund quantum computing, it puts us on the brink of a novel era of scientific innovation and revolutionary discoveries.

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